Economic Problems Of Migration In Macedonia

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Through the years, Macedonia has been facing a serious problem of migration. Firstly the migration was from villages to cities then it continued from smaller to bigger cities and finally out of the borders of Macedonia. Years ago, uneducated people left Macedonia and went working abroad in search for a better life. Now the situation is changed. Young and educated people are leaving Macedonia. They change their address and come back to their fatherland once or a few times per year. If this process continues Macedonian population will decrease and there will be economic problems, no new investments, no new businesses. Another worrying consequence of this constant migration of young and educated people is the demographic aging of the population. …show more content…
Economy is one of these spheres which are affected by this problem. According to Amanda Klekowski von Koppenfels, the Macedonian migrant is characterized as a person who finds the economic conditions in Macedonia unsatisfactory. Evidently the economic situation in our country is bad, but with this constant migration it becomes even worse. According to Nadire Redjepi, one of the consequences on the economy as a result of the constant migration is that the state budget suffers a loss in taxes, including the income tax, taxes on insurance, value added tax, property tax and other taxes. As a result of the economic poor conditions the investitures will be skeptics whether to take a risk and to invest or not. The World Bank, in its report, has stated that the weak economic growth and the chronic unemployment force people to go in search for better economic conditions …show more content…
One of the major reasons is that the diplomas of the Macedonian educated people is not valuated as in other more developed countries. Consequently that’s the reason why so many young and educated people have already left their fatherland. The country should be aware of the fact that not only are the future resources lost but also the money the country invested in development and education of these young people . Not only the educated young people leave the country but also those who do not have higher education. With a Bulgarian passport they easily find a well paid job in the construction sector in some of the European countries. So it is evident that Macedonia is losing its work force. According to the professor Slave Risteski by 2025 Macedonia will not have skilled work force who will bring dynamics and will raise the economic growth in the country. Therefore if this process continues Macedonia will be faced with demographic aging of population . The consequences of the demographic aging are evident in this statement of Trajkovska. For example if the number of the retired people is bigger than the young employed people, the state will have more charges. The relation between the state and the employees is based on the salaries and the working force. The state’s benefit is the working force whereas the employees’ benefit is their salaries. On the other hand, the state

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