Ebola And Its Effects On People Essay

1366 Words Dec 2nd, 2014 null Page
In 1976 the viral disease Ebola was first identified. Since then recorded cases have up to a 90% fatality rate (WHO, 2014). Ebola is a negative sense single stranded RNA virus (ssRNA) and is from the Filoviridae family (Sunit and Ruzek, 2014). The virus is spread by contact with the bodily fluids of animals or humans infected with the virus. The natural origin of the virus is unknown, although bats are suspected to be the most likely source. Several significant Ebola outbreaks have occurred since 1976, mainly localized to the continent of Africa as seen in figure 1. The disease appears generally as isolated outbreaks more so than individual cases. Ebola is a terrifying disease which has a strong psychological impact on people. There are five unique species of Ebola; Bundibugyo, Zaire, Reston, Sudan and Taï Forest ebolavirus (WHO, 2014). The disease can present with various symptoms such as, a sudden fever and/or haemorrhagic symptoms. The timeline of the disease is acute with symptoms often presenting after 2 days of acquiring the virus (CDCP, 2014). Figure 1: Diagram of the cases of Ebola have been reported and confirmed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, South Sudan, Ivory Coast, Uganda, Republic of the Congo. South Africa from 1976-2008 (Cdc.gov, 2014). Recently Sierra Leone and Guinea have experienced an urgent outbreak of Ebola (not shown) (Vogel. 2014)
Introduction to Ebola Diagnostic

Ebola is diagnosed by first excluding diseases which share the same…

Related Documents