Early Vocabulary And Literacy Development Essay
Latinos account for 16.5% of the United States population, and are the fastest growing minority group. In 2012, the population of Latino children was 24%, and is expected to increase to 36% by 2050. Children who identify Spanish as their first language (L1) and English as their second (L2) are considered dual language learners (DLLs), and these children will enter preschool in the process of developing both languages. DLLs also account for 30% of Head Start programs.
Unfortunately, Latinos are behind in vocabulary and literacy development in comparison to native English speakers. Early vocabulary and literacy development are also predictors for reading achievement. There is an achievement gap between native English speakers and DLLs starting in early childhood and continues into high school, which can be attributed to early vocabulary and literacy experiences. Since DLLs are developing Spanish and English, they typically have a smaller vocabulary in English, contributes to the achievement gap.
Previous studies have identified two approaches mostly used for vocabulary development. The first is English Culturally Responsive (ECR), which is instruction taught in only English. The second is Culturally and Linguistically Responsive (CLR), which uses dual languages for instruction. Previous research shows that after examine low-income DLLS from pre-K to the 11th grade after they have been taught in English only environments, that still exhibit L2 oral development…