The Early Upanisads Summary

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The Early Upanisads Annotated Text and Translation is a book translated from an Indian Vedic book by Patrick Olivelle. In second chapter, writers are trying to convey readers an idea of what is self. It also contains the practical wisdom of the Upanisads and the strategy or reinvention of the old Vedic paradigm that the Upanisads adopt. Furthermore, it includes that the idea of "homology".
Giving statement "The self (atman) that¡­is the self that you should try to discover...When someone discovers that self and perceives it, he obtains all the worlds, and all his desires are fulfilled." (Olivelle, 1998) Prajapati states an ideal state people should to become and beware of in his whole life. However, the sentence does not give any explanations
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It does not associate with trait of atman---"free from fear". To answer his question, Prjapati gives another definition of atman. "When one is fast asleep, totally collected and serene, and sees no dreams---that is the self." (Olivelle, 1998) When a person is on sleep onset---transition from wakefulness into sleep, it leads his mind from clarity to chaos. He cannot think, cannot speak and cannot feel. So, he is free from fear and immortal. He is the atman under sleep onset. Indra still gets question about the explanation given by …show more content…
According to Upanisads, "homology" is related to vital powers and sense faculties. Firstly, authors associate vital powers with sense faculties. "Vital powers---powers of movement, evacuation, ejaculation, breathing, and speaking, as well as thinking and the five senses...these are breathing, thinking, speech, sight, and hearing." (Olivelle, 1998)Every individual has those powers and sense faculties. It draws attention to human being. Secondly, authors indicates that connections between human body and cosmic sphere. For example, "Sun from the eye, moon from the mind, wind from the breath, sky from the head, earth from the feet and so on." (Olivelle, 1998) According importance of each part of body, every part of a body is corresponded to specific cosmic

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