Durkheimian Analysis Of The Acceptance Of Duality In Society And Religion

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Durkheimian Analysis of the Acceptance of Homosexuality in Society and Religion
Homosexuality continues to be condemned by societies, especially religious ones; many view it as unnatural, immoral, uncivilised and fleshly. A new movement has given the perspective of homosexuality to be innate, natural and rather something part of a person’s being. The change in idea from certain individuals is creating a shift in the entire society, which shows how individuals make up society as much as society makes up the individual. This interesting dynamic can be applied to Durkheim 's theory of the dualism of human nature. One part of nature being the body which is profane and the other part being the soul which is sacred, both conflicting with one another.
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He explains the dualism between the individual and society - without society the self would be empty. The individual experiences senses that are exclusive to them alone whiles intelligence, concepts and morality are shared commonly amongst people. Senses pertain only to the individual whiles thoughts are common and relate to the entire society as they can be exchanged. This theory is expressed by Durkheim: “In effect, it is between the sensations and the sensory appetites on the one hand, and intellectual and moral life on the other, that the conflicts take place, of which we have given examples.” The contradiction occurs because one can be shared whiles the other cannot, even though they both need to exist for society and the individual to exist. In other words, we are as much individuals through our own experiences and senses as we are a product of society through our thoughts. Finally, the body and soul are separate entities- the body profane and the soul sacred. The body experiences the world through senses whiles the soul recognizes what is right and wrong. Although they are two parts of human nature they contradict one another because the soul can exist without the body; the soul is what separates one from

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