Drug Availability And The Increase Risky Drug Using Behaviors

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Introduction

Drug availability and the increase in risky drug-using behaviors are two factors that contribute to potential adverse health effects such as interpersonal violence and harm as well as HIV infection (Blumstein and Wallman 2000). In Mexico, both factors are having a detrimental effect on local communities. At the national level, drug cartels control the majority of the illegal drug trade, while gangs or pandillas are the groups that distribute the drugs at the neighborhood level and engage in other illegal activities. Other illegal activities include extortion, and violence. The article focuses on the state of Baja California because it is a zone of transition for migrants from poorer regions in the country who are seeking employment in this state or in the United States. This specific population is at a greater risk because they have easy access to the drugs and may therefore contribute to drug use in non-trafficking communities. As communities in Baja California are growing in number, there may be more drug exposure to the population. However, little is known about the prevalence of drug use, drug-scene familiarity and exposure to gang violence in these communities. In an article titled Drug-scene familiarity and exposure to gang violence among residents in a rural farming community in Baja California, Mexico written by Tyson Volkmann, Miguel A. Fraga, Stephanie K. Brodine, Esmeralda Iniguez-Stevens, Alice Cepeda, John P.Elder and Richard S. Garfein, a study is…

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