Drought Vs. Climate Change Essay
The Lancet commission on Health and Climate change June 2015 list four direct effect of climate change; ’Increase heat stress, floods, drought and increased frequency of intense storms”( The Lancet, 2015).
Who. int (2015) describes drought as a period in the climate cycle caused by lack of rainfall that result in lack of water that then leads to food shortages. The populations mostly affected by this climate induced disaster are; people of low social economic back ground, the elderly, children and the disabled.
This assay looks at some of the adaptation taken in Kenya in response to drought. In 2014 the Government of Kenya estimated 1.6 million people were affected by drought due to lack of rain between March and May 2014 (ReliefWeb, 2015). The adaptations covered in this essay are; Sustainable Land Management, Agro-Pastoralist Adaptation, Research and Genetics and Government and NGO involvement.
ADAPTATION OF DROUGHT
Sustainable Land management
80% of the land mass in Kenya is occupied by dryland. This dry land contributes to the economy of Kenya because Kenya relies on its land for crops for food and export, Livestock and wildlife which is also a major economic boost for Kenya. Dryland ecosystem is highly affected by climate and thus any change can lead to demographic pressure on the environment (Mganga, Musimba and Nyariki, 2015).
Sustainable land Management (SLM) is a major adaptation taken in Kenya to help maintain the land…