Dominant-Minority Relations Essay

1140 Words 5 Pages
Corine Lightner
POL 140
Essay #1 (Ch. 3 & 4)
Dominant-Minority Relations In the early years of the United States, dominant-minority relations were shaped by the agrarian technology and the economic need to control land and labor. The agrarian era ended in the 1800s, and the U.S. has gone through two major transformations in subsistence technology since, each of which has transformed dominant-minority relations and required the creation of new structures and processes to maintain racial stratification and white privilege (Healey, p. 131). The early 1800s to the mid-1900s was the industrial revolution, where machines replaced animal and human labor. Today’s society is known as the postindustrial or deindustrialized society which
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This hypothesis is illustrated by the story of slavery in the U.S. Blauner's hypothesis helps explain why blacks from Africa became slaves and not other ethnic groups. According to Blauner, blacks were forced into slavery by white colonists who had more resources at their disposal, hence, their power (Hoffarth, 2006). They were forced into the subordinate position of a slave and were denied the opportunity to assimilate. Because of their distinctive physical traits, black slaves could not escape from one part of the country and try to blend in another. In colonial America, slavery became one and the same with race. Race, slavery, inferiority, and powerlessness became intertwined in ways that, according to many analysts, still affect the ways black and white Americans think about one another (Hacker, 1992in (Healey, p. 108)). Prejudice and racism are more the results of systems of racial and ethnic inequality than they are the causes; they serve to rationalize and “explain” these systems and the behavior of the majority.
Healey continues this study of dominant-minority relations in Ch. 4. He shows that despite changes in subsistence technology, and the opportunities for minority groups that have accompanied these changes, minority status has been maintained. The rigid-competition system of industrialization was when minority groups were more “free” to

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