Difference Between Utilitarian And Kantian Ethics

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Register to read the introduction… Personally I value my rationality and dignity more than my pleasure. Based on my actions I would prefer to be perceived as an honest person, who has got integrity and self respect, rather than a person whose moral values are simply based on feelings and intuitive thinking. For example, if the night before my essay was due I had realized I would never be able to finish it in time, I could take upon a couple of actions to deal with my circumstance. If I had focused merely on beneficial circumstances I could lie and get an extended due date; this way I will gain time to work on my essay, and get a mark that will be greater than it otherwise might have been. This would be the most beneficial consequence for me, because in doing so I am maximizing my happiness, and avoiding emotional/physical/psychological pain. In taking the utilitarian approach I would be trading off my personal integrity for a better grade, as well as deceiving the teacher in my action to gain a superior outcome. A utilitarian might argue my idea by explaining that one of the major principles of utilitarianism is that a consequence that brings about the greater net benefit would be considered the right course of action, not matter of who get to share the benefit. By evaluating the benefit with the loss, the gain of the …show more content…
Kant suggests that when you make a determination towards a particular action, you should try and universalize that action and only follow through if you can agree that everyone else can do this. I support this idea of Kant’s theory because I believe it promotes equality in a society. He suggests that in the course of the action you cannot jeopardize the welfare of another human being for any cause, because that would be an infringement on the other individuals right to self. By putting others at harm with your action you devalue their rationality and autonomy. This contradicts the maxim rule, and could not be considered as a moral action. As well Kant mentions that you cannot use other people for your benefit because again it devalues a person to an object. These theories promote equality in a course of an action, and maintain the moral value behind each action. Utilitarian ethics focus on creating equality as well. One of the major points of utilitarianism focus on considering all parties involved that may be affected by the action, as well as utilitarian’s believe that seeking pleasure is unifying want in all humans. If everyone was to act out on principle that maximizing happiness then everyone would essentially be better off. In theory utilitarianism may try and promote equality, but it often

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