Diabetes Type 2 Essay

1206 Words Mar 3rd, 2014 5 Pages
The Problem
“Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in which the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin or cells stop responding to the insulin that is produced, so that glucose in the blood cannot be absorbed into the cells of the body.” People with type 2 diabetes often have no symptoms at first and may not see any symptoms for many years. Symptoms include fatigue, hunger, increased thirst and urination, and pain and numbness in the hands and feet. Those with the highest risk of developing type 2 diabetes are generally over 45, overweight, have a family history of type 2 diabetes, lack physical exercise, have high blood pressure, or are members of certain racial or ethnic groups. Obesity is strongly linked to diabetes and is spreading
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There are certain factors that are known to increase a person’s risk of developing this disease and two main categories of risks, those that you can't change, and those you can. The more risk factors one has the higher risk for developing Type 2 diabetes. Though some risk factors are uncontrollable, it is important to know whether or not you are at risk for diabetes. The risk of developing Type 2 diabetes increases as you get older and often affects those over 40. Family history and genes play a role in type 2 diabetes. Low activity level, poor diet and excess body weight increase the chance of getting the disease. Although age, genetics and lifestyle factors are the best predictors of Type 2 diabetes, certain racial or ethnic groups such as African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islander Americans have higher rates in developing Type 2 diabetes even after adjusting many risk factors.
Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in the United States and the statistics continue to grow with no change in sight. It is no longer a disease of older adults and is being seen in younger ages and a lot of obese children before they reach puberty. Some of the most dramatic increases in type 2 Diabetes have occurred in populations where there have been rapid and major changes in lifestyle. A person with Diabetes incurs medical costs that are two to five times higher than those of a person

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