Desegregation Of : The Unintended Consequences Of Brown V. Board Of Education

1136 Words Apr 6th, 2016 5 Pages
Desegregation Debacle: The Unintended Consequences of Brown v. Board of Education
In the aftermath of the civil war, reform and subsequent legislation were implemented in an attempt to improve equality for blacks. However, these actions failed to leave a lasting improvement in civil rights for African Americans. After the Plessy v. Fergusson decision in 1896, any previous gains were negated when the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of separating peoples by their races provided they were presented with equal facilities. This decision began a period of Jim Crow laws on the basis of separate but equal conditions for blacks and whites. However, in 1905 blacks began a quest for political and legal equality. Through this movement blacks made significant advancements toward equality, leading up to the case of Brown v. Board of Education. In this court case, Oliver Brown who was denied admission to a segregated, all white, school in Topeka Kansas represented a national challenge of students who wanted to further their education. This singular case was then combined with four other challenges to school segregation from South Carolina, Virginia, Delaware, and the District of Columbia. Together these cases, representing school segregation as a national issue, were initially brought to the supreme court on December 9,1952. Reaching a decision in 1954, the Supreme Court ruled that “in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate…

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