Descartes Dream Argument Analysis

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Descartes' Meditations

Descartes, during Meditations, aimed to rid himself of all knowledge that could be doubted. He used the analogy of a rotten apple in a barrel, in which all apples must be removed and checked in order to
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Descartes argued that since such blatant examples of sensual deception exist, how can one ever trust what one's senses is perceiving? This was an effective argument because if information is perceived incorrectly then certainty cannot be achieved.

Dreams were Descartes' second argument. He stated that because, at times, dreams can be so extremely intense and vivid, to the point where they mimic everyday lives one cannot determine whether they are part of one's ordinary daily life. Since this is the case Descartes put forward an argument of continuity, whereby he stated that at times it can be near enough impossible to determine differences between your states of consciousness. Information gained through, therefore, one's dreams can sometimes be confused with information that has been gathered during the day. This can lead to errors in knowledge.

Malcolm argued against Descartes' dream argument by stating that in order to question the state of one's consciousness one must be in a state of wakefulness. Many psychologists have refuted Malcolm's statement for the simple fact that those who can experience
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Descartes argued that knowledge based solely on sampling techniques is unjust. If one concludes that all swans are white based on the observation of a sample then one would most certainly be wrong, because there are indeed black swans present in New Zealand.

Descartes aimed to acquire knowledge that was not polluted with probability or observation of patterns from a sample. Descartes believed that knowledge such as maths, physics and astronomy were sources of true knowledge this is because they are associated with concepts that are not under influence from other factors. For example 2 + 2 must be 4, the 'mustness' is logical and independent of all other factors. The realm of numbers cannot be easily affected by any other factors, for Descartes', subjects that are influenced by this realm seem to be the best sources of true knowledge.

At the end of Meditations 1 Descartes is still seeking for certainty. Hitherto it is yet unclear whether such level of comprehension can be achieved. Descartes does successfully make one question every aspect of one's beliefs. It may be that one lives out one's life according

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