Essay about Descartes And David Hume 's Philosophy On Philosophy

1995 Words Nov 25th, 2015 8 Pages
The human mind is a very intricate machine. There have been many people that have attempted, and failed, to explain how the human mind operates. The quest for the answer to this question led to the development of two schools of philosophy. Rationalism and Empiricism are most likely the two most famous schools dealing specifically with epistemology, or, the origin of knowledge. Two of the most famous philosophers of epistemology are Rene Descartes and David Hume, the former being a rationalist, and the latter an empiricist. Rationalism is the idea that reason and logic are the basis of knowledge. It says that knowledge is innate, and that it cannot come from sources such as the senses. Rationalists believe that we are all born with a means of obtaining truth and knowledge. Empiricism says that all real knowledge is based on experience. It claims that people are born with no innate knowledge, and that everything that happens in the mind is a result of our perceptions.
In the first meditation, Rene Descartes makes a conscious decision to search for “in each of them [his opinions] at least some reason for doubt”(12). Descartes rejects anything and everything that can be doubted and quests for something that is undeniably certain. The foundation of his doubt is that his opinions are largely established by his senses, yet “from time to time I [Descartes] have found that the senses deceive, and it is prudent never to trust completely those who have deceived us even once” (12).…

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