Decline and fall of the Roman Empire and Han Dynasty Essay

677 Words Jan 12th, 2014 3 Pages
Decline and fall of the Roman Empire and Han Dynasty The Roman Empire and the Han dynasty entered a decline and collapse between 200 C.E. and 600 C.E. as a result of numerous internal and external conflicts. The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty internally ruptured due to political ineffectiveness as a result of corrupted emperors and officials and externally disintegrated because of nomadic invasions from Germanic tribes in Western Europe and the Xiongnu in Asia. However, the Roman Empire saw the decay of the faith of the Empire in the citizens as they turned to local landlords for protection, while the local landlords of the Han Dynasty began to defy the government and conquer surrounding territories and farmland. Rome and Han China …show more content…
The Han Dynasty subsequently fell as a result of the Xiongnu invasions. Shi Huangdi, as a ruler of the Zhou Dynasty, began the construction of the Great Wall as a means of keeping the nomads out. Similar to Rome, Han officials were unable to continue to pay the cost of defense. Without a military to defend the walls and city, nomadic invaders overran outer sections of the Empire. Ironically, these nomads were related to the Huns that were pushing the Germanic tribes into Roman territory, thus the Goths were forced to attack Rome. Rome and Han China differed in the amount of power that the local landlords had over the people and citizens. There began to be moral decay in the faith of the citizens of Rome. They lost their trust for the military to provide protection, as they should, and the citizens turned to local landlords for defense. The citizens gave their farmland to their lords and agreed to work the land in exchange for safety and security. This was a stepping stone towards Feudalism in Medieval Europe. Alternatively in Han China the local landlords took control by force. Lords picked up much of the slack left behind by a failing government. They seized control of local neighborhoods and farmland, forcing peasants to toil laboriously and provide to be their own army also beginning a form of Feudalism. The unstable situations in the government and the destruction from barbaric conquests lead to the decline and fall of the Roman Empire and the Han

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