Decision Making Models And Their Stages As Defined By Elstein Et Al

1864 Words Oct 11th, 2016 8 Pages
Introduction
Most simply, clinical decision making may be defined as the process of choosing between alternatives or options (Thompson & Stapley, 2011) more accurately, clinical decision making is a highly complex process where data is gathered and evaluated, and then a decision, judgment, or intervention is formulated (Pirret, 2007), it comprises of cognitive, intuitive and experiential processes (Pugh, 2002).
This essay will discuss commonly used decision making models and their stages as defined by Elstein et al (1978) and their application to clinical decision making processes. Furthermore, the importance of clinical decision making for healthcare practitioners and paramedics will be explored.
Decision Making Models and Their Application to Clinical Decision Making
Standing (2011) stated that clinical decision making applies clinical judgement to select the best possible evidence-based options to control risks and address patients’ needs in high quality care for which you are accountable. Outlined within the definition are key components of clinical decision making which includes the application of judgement, utilising a range of evidence sources before options are evaluated and a decision made. This outline surmises the theoretical process of clinical decision making, known as the normative theory. The normative theory could be based on the hypothetico-deductive method of decision making as the normative theory is a decision making model based on the evidence of…

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