David Miller's Theory Of Sociology: Theories Of Social Justice

Sociology 230 Assignment One
Theories of Social Justice
Social justice is a polysemic term referring to a number of different ideals and practices that depend on the social, political, and economic stance of the view holder. David Miller (1999) defines social justice, in very general terms, as a discussion of "how the good things and bad things in life should be distributed among the members of a human society"(p.1). Contrastingly Sharon Kay Stoll (2011) claims that social justice is "a society or institution that is based on the principles of equality and opportunity and is the legal application of the philosophy of social equality” (p.36). In modern times, social justice has become a term strongly associated with a particular category of people, holding progressive views and vocally advocating for movements, such as feminism, the civil rights movement, and the lgbtqia+ rights movement. As such, it is not uncommon to see these people being disparagingly labelled "social justice warriors" on social media and in everyday
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Professor of political science Robert. B. Thigpen (1960) explains that in Walzer’s spheres of justice, principles of justice must be formed on a mutual understanding between the right and the left. He states that this is necessary in order to ensure that these principles of justice are regarded as “specific enough to guide behaviour and relevant enough to a particular way of life to be accepted and followed” (p.119). Walzer suggests that all contemporary approaches to social justice, regardless of where they sit on the political spectrum, share the belief that every individual is equally as important and valuable in

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