Crohn's Disease Essay

1031 Words Jul 7th, 2014 5 Pages
Crohn's Disease
Nicole DeMase
Health and Chronic Management Nur 427
December 6, 2010
Tiffany Fitch, MSN, FNP-C

Crohn's Disease
Patient information: A 21 year old Jewish-American presents to the emergency department with severe diarrhea and complaints of abdominal pain, decreased appetite for over two weeks and weight loss of 10lbs. The young Jewish man has no other medical problems and denies any family history other than an older brother that was diagnosed with Crohn’s when he has 20 years old. Currently, the young man is enrolled in college pursuing a career in criminal justice and did advise the emergency department staff of a learning disability. The young man requested that any information about his diagnosis should be put
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Abdominal pain and abdominal cramping is caused the inflammation of the walls and eventually thickens the walls with scar tissue and leads to cramping. Mild Crohn’s causes moderate intestinal discomfort and in more severe cases, can cause nausea and vomiting. Blood in the stool is caused by food being moved from the digestive tract through the inflamed tissue. The bleeding might be notices as bright red directly in the toilet or darker red blood that is mixed into the stool. Crohn’s also causes small sores or ulcers on the surface of the intestines that eventually penetrate into the intestinal walls. Reduced appetite is due to the abdominal pain and cramping and weight loss is contributed to the inability to digest and absorb food.
As of right now, the cause of Crohn’s disease remains unknown. It has been speculated that a malfunctioning immune system and heredity plays a role in the development of Crohn’s. The theory is that the body’s immune system reacts abnormally by mistaking bacteria and foods for being foreign and reacts by attacking these substances. The immune system reacts with white blood cells accumulation in the lining of the intestines that produces the chronic inflammation which leads to Crohn’s.
There are several different risk factors that may be contributing to Crohn’s disease, such as age, ethnicity, heredity/family history. Crohn’s disease is often diagnosed in people between the ages of 20 to 30,

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