Critical Analysis Of Pape's Article On The Future Of Terrorism

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The following essay will critically analyze Pape’s (2003) article from a rationalist, cultural and structural approach. Additionally, it will provide my perspective on some of the controversial topics that the article centers its argument on. Definitely, terrorism and its definition and the strategic logic behind it will be present all along to prove some claims and to discard some others (Pape 2003). Finally, an insight on the future of terrorism as a whole will be offered so if this article makes it to the real world, US policymakers can rely on a wise opinion that could reduce terrorism and the war on terror once and for all. First of all, let’s analyze the rationalist approach together with its implications, consequences and accomplishments. …show more content…
On one hand, according to Pape (2003), let’s analyze the irrationality at the individual level of analysis; it makes no sense for a single individual to commit an act of suicide terrorism since the reward is uncertain and the punishment lethal. On the other hand, the same irrational act of suicide terrorism could be explained as something rational since collectively, terrorist organizations and campaigns would moderately benefit from it. Moreover, as a result of such acts, terrorist organizations recruit new individuals from the same audience that witnesses the act; which in other words means that the cycle of terrorism regenerates automatically as long as terrorists persist. For instance, let’s consider some of the reason behind the success of such actions of terror; why …show more content…
According to Pape’s (2003) article, “Terrorism involves the use of violence by an organization other than a national government to cause intimidation or fear among a target audience…” To begin with, it could be said that this definition is institutional oriented and blames organization that conform terrorist groups uniquely, but to be realistic not only organizations can be held accountable for acts of terrorism; states too. Separately, the structural approach focuses and is concerned with the question why democratic institutions and governments are the main targets for terrorists (Pape 2003). Arguably, military presence representative of the government of a state is what accounts for and is responsible for the home state being a target (Pape 2003). Now, if such claim is true, then it can be concluded that the 911 attack was a trigger that started a chain reaction among terrorist groups, especially suicide terrorists, since such attacks had great impact in many aspects of our government relations with the middle-east and human behavior as a whole; in other words the attack was a success for the terrorism business. Now, let’s consider some of the consequences that rose as a result of the 911 terrorist attacks on the Trade World Center. First, by using a demonstrative tactic expel out in the article by Pape (2003), terrorists demonstrated that the USA,

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