Critical Analysis Of Juvenile Delinquency And Urban Areas Theory
Juvenile delinquency has been an issue within the justice system for quite some time now. During the past decades, there have been several speculations made as to why juvenile delinquency tends to occur and where it stems from in American cities, such as Chicago. In the book “Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas,” published by the University of Chicago Press in 1942, authors Clifford R Shaw and Henry McKay insist that ethics along with neighborhood and community organization are the main contributors to juvenile delinquency (Smith, 2016, p. 9). This paper will analyze and evaluate the arguments of Shaw and McKay pertaining to the rates of juvenile delinquency and why it occurs.
Shaw and McKay believed that an individual’s everyday experiences within the community shaped the patterns of their behavior (Cullen, Agnew, & Wilcox, 2014, p. 107) Therefore the tow conducted a study in regards to the rates of delinquents in relation to local communities in American cities and the differing characteristics (Wile, 1943, p. 176). While the study was taking place advantages and disadvantages were established within outside and inner city communities. Among what was found out about values and social organization in communities, the authors were able to come up with explanations for their findings and even shared their suggestions of fixing the issue of delinquency in these communities.
One of the author’s…