Mental Health Theories Of Juvenile Justice

824 Words 4 Pages
Cindy Sanchez
Juvenile Justice System
C. Drew
Mental Health and Violent Offending Juvenile delinquents, minors who commits acts that violate the law. Not all juveniles are prone to perpetrate crimes. There are many studies towards why adolescents commit crimes. Most criminologists conclude that theories and mental health can be excellent explanations towards offending. Choice theory, trait theory and mental health issues are superb studies to further understand the causes of juvenile delinquency. Most of the time, one assumes that people have free will to choose what to do. For example, one usually chooses the way they would like to behave. Since teenagers are more rebellious, some will pick to behave badly, while others designate to behave an exceptional manner. Choice theory is a theory where youths are in control when engaging in delinquent and criminal behavior. The choice theory believes that adolescents that choose to commit crimes, wish the criminal lifestyle. Also, choice theory affirms that delinquents are not a product of bad environments or difficult lives.
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Trait theory claims that delinquent acts are the product of personal problems and dreadful environments. The trait theory also argues the combination of both effects can produce poor behavior. Based on the Mental and Violent Offending in Chicago youth, the authors state, “Many justice involved youth come from areas of disproportionately concentrated urban poverty and disadvantage in underserved communities that are plagued with high rates of neighborhood violence, racial/ethnic barriers, a lack of social capital and services, family dysfunction, parental psychopathology, and academic failure of youngsters.” This exemplifies that children and adolescents exposed to poor communities or rough parenting can become both victims and

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