Crime and Victimology Essay
From the beginning of time there have always been crimes against persons. People went by the saying “An eye for an eye”. You stole from your neighbor, they stole from you. You hurt someone, they hurt you. It wasn’t until the 1940’s people started taking a closer look into these crimes against person, which they later called victimology. This paper will look into victimology and their theories as we go back into the past and how victimology is now.
Victimology: A Look into the Past
The study of victimology dates back to the early 1940’s. Marvin Wolfgang was one of the first victimologists. To fully understand victimology is to understand what a victim is. A victim is a person that has suffered physical or emotional harm …show more content…
The cost of being of victim is on the rise. Not only do you lose material things, you also lose your self-worth. You become paranoid, you think everyone is out to get, or you can fall into a deep depression. Monetary speaking in a 2008 report, the total of economic loss to victims was $1.19 billion for violent crimes and $16.21 billion for property crime according to The National Center for Victims of Crime. Victim compensation to crime victims was established in the 1960s.
Theories in Victimology played a big part of its history. Victim precipitation was seen as negative thing to society because it places partial blame on the victim. There aren’t that many models or theories on victimology but three
“popular” theories would be: Luckenbill’s Situated Transaction Model, Benjamin & Master’s Threefold Model, and Cohen’s & Felson’s Routine Activities Theory.
Luckenbill’s Situated Transaction Model, developed in 1977, and is commonly found in textbooks dealing with sociology and deviance. This model suggests that the offender and victim are at a battle to see who is