The purpose of this paper is to address differences between public and community health, research public health resources on a borough, state, and national level as well as review a brief history of those agencies. Whereas public health and community health is often used interchangeably, public health is coordinated on a national, state, and borough scale and public health is a profession that includes more than just nurses. Public health can include emergency personnel, health educators, public officials, public health nurses, social workers, and community individuals. Community health uses information and implements the research from public health arenas to a specific population.
Laws are enacted at a local, state,
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56). The HHS evolved from an act in 1798 for setting up hospitals to care for seamen and Marines. Later, in 1798, the Quarantine Act firmly removed the power to quarantine away from the state and placed it at a national level. This began an emergence of health care policy at a national level. The hospital system for the seamen and Marines in 1906 became the Public Health Service. There continued an emergence of national health care advocacy. The federal government created the Children’s Service in 1912, Bureau of Indian Health Service in 1921; the National Hygienic Laboratory in 1930 later renamed to National Institutes of Health, the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 later becoming the Food and Drug Administration, the Communicable Disease Center in 1946 and later renamed Center for Disease Control and Prevention. In 1953, According to "U.S. Department of Health And Human Services" (n.d.), “The Cabinet-level Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was created under President Eisenhower, officially coming into existence April 11, 1953. In 1979, the Department of Education Organization Act was made law, providing for a separate Department of Education. HEW became the Department of Health and