Communism And The Soviet Union Essay example

1604 Words Feb 26th, 2016 7 Pages
The Soviet Union was founded by the Bolshevik Party in November 1917. Their leader, Vladimir Lenin, established Communist rule after the end of the Civil War in Russia in 1921. The Communist regime’s central beliefs were based on the theories and ideas of Karl Marx. Marx believed in the creation of a classless society where all citizens were equal. The components of communism affected multiple aspects of the nation. Economically, the Soviet Union achieved little to none economic or industrial growth, due to the formation of a classless society. Stalin achieved total control over the economy, which reflected his ideas of a Totalitarian State. The social impact the totalitarian state had resulted in fear within the people because of the secret police. Ultimately, the communist government failed to sustain the Soviet Union and led to its collapse after the Cold War. The next leader of the nation, Michael Gorbachev, established new policies that went against the ideals of communism by ending Russia’s isolation and embracing western ideas. Additionally, Gorbachev’s policy of openness, also known as glasnost, to government criticism resulted in the degradation of communism in Russia and it’s satellite states such as Czechoslovakia. Through the ideas of Karl Marx, the Soviet Union did not have economic stability. The inability to have economic and industrial growth contributed to the fall of the Soviet Union and had a major impact. While in power, Vladimir Lenin, who was the…

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