Sleep Disorders In Adolescents

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Sleep Disorders
Sleep Disorders are common affecting about one-third of all people. This is more common with people who are physically ill or have psychiatric disorder or learning disability. There are three basic sleep problems that are common in adolescents which are not sleeping well, sleeping too much, and episodes of unusual behavior or experience related to sleep. There are nearly 100 possible causes or types of these sleep problems that are now recognized. One big factor within adolescents is changes in sleep at puberty. Puberty can change the sleep cycle because the biological clock controls the timing of an individual 's sleep-wake cycle undergoes an alteration so night-time shifts to a later time. Some other reasons adolescents are
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Common causes of inadequate sleep may include the bedroom being an entertainment place for adolescents instead of being a resting place. Other causes are excessive caffeine- containing drinks, socializing at night on phones, or various worries due to school (Stores, 2009, p. 52). Delayed sleep phase disorder is normal in patients. "Prevalence of delayed sleep phase is a type in the general population is approximately 0.17% but appears to be greater than 7% in adolescents" (APA, 2013, p. 391). The course is persistent and has to last longer than three months and exacerbations throughout adulthood. The biological clock prevents the sleep-wakefulness cycle at particular times in the day and at particular ages in adolescence. The teen could be tired and want to get to bed, but it can keep them up. Before adolescence goes through puberty the biological clock would help them stay attentive at night when they normally would have been sleeping. This is what the researchers found out to be a "phase-delay" (Spinks, …show more content…
In some situations, the adolescence likes maintaining the abnormal sleep pattern to avoid going to school, in which case the treatment has to be based on the understanding of the situation and help improve the situation itself. It is important to catch Delayed Sleep phase syndrome because it is a common form of school refusal, depression, or substance misuse. What has to happen is resetting the body clock so it is that normal sleeping pattern. Some easy changes are dimming the lights or turning them off while going to bed because it promotes the production of melatonin which is asleep-inducing hormone produced in the brain. Bright light in the morning suppressed the sleep-enhancing the effects of melatonin (Stores, 2009, p. 52). The adolescent needs to practice good sleeping behavior which can be difficult for most teenagers. "Sleep experts say dimming the lights at night and getting lots of daylight in the morning can help. Having a routine bedtime of 10 p.m., sleeping in a cool environment and turning off music, the Internet, and televisions would help to reset the body clock. And though sleeping in is a good thing, trying to get up after only an extra hour or two is a lot better than ‘binge-sleeping ' on the weekends. If a student is used to getting up at 6:30 a.m., they should not sleep until noon on the weekend. That simply confuses their bodies"

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