Cold War Challenges

1338 Words 6 Pages
The end of the Cold War marked a new beginning of time for international relations. The triumph of liberal democracy meant the expansion of capitalism and globalization. Economically and socially, states were more interconnected. However, states also started to experience new forms of threats. For a long time, it was assumed that states were the primary actors in the international relations. Based on this, it was assumed that the threat of a state was another state. The focus of security studies mainly revolved around military capability of a state. The end of the Cold War, resulted in the transformation of the from a bipolar world to a unipolar one. States then started to look for new potential threats. The Copenhagen School of Security Studies …show more content…
The forces of capitalism and globalization, have created a situation in which international mobilization is more liberal due to the interconnectedness of states. Europe is a prime example of this. From the 1980s and onwards, Europe experienced a dramatic geopolitical change, from the formation of the European Union (EU) and the Schengen area to the collapse of the Soviet Union. These events created new partnerships and cooperation as well as an increase in mobilization. The influx of migrants into Western Europe after the Cold War, lead to the increasing link between migration and insecurity. This perceived notion of insecurity, breeds intolerance and has allowed for the strengthening and creation of new restrictive and discriminatory policies against certain groups of people. The rhetoric that immigration is a threat to cultural and national identity, has been growing throughout Europe. Migrants are framed as being challenges to the very fabric of society and its tradition way of living. This paper will argue that by constructing immigration as a security issues, states are creating a society of exclusionism, racism, and xenophobia. This creates difficulties not only migrants but also the state as fear and insecurity exacerbate. Also, the rise of insecurity plays a huge role in the resurgence of far-right parties in …show more content…
Unlike previous forms of racism, which emphasize biological superiority, new racism focuses on cultural differences to rationalize discrimination against certain groups. It is built on the need to preserve own identify and values against others. New racism does not define cultures as being superior or inferior, rather it points towards their equality. It emphasises that different cultures should remain distant in order to maintain social stability. Proponents of anti-immigration use this discourse mold public perception of the need to preserve cultural identity without sending messages of racism (Togral, 2013,

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