Cognitive Therapy

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Cognitive Therapy Cognitive therapy was developed by Aaron T. Beck and aims to adjust information processing and initiate positive change in all systems by acting through the cognitive systems. Cognitive therapy views personality “as shaped by the interaction between innate disposition and environment” (Corsini & Wedding, 2014, p 239). Basic schemas or interpersonal strategies are developed in response to the environment. A variety of concepts are used in cognitive therapy to depict the individual’s learning history, such as the theory of causality which states that, “Psychological distress is ultimately caused by many innate, biological, developmental, and environmental factors interacting with one another, so there is no single cause or …show more content…
For this reason, cognitive therapy can be connected to behavior therapy. Such a merge is called cognitive-behavioral therapy, or CBT. The therapeutic relationship in cognitive therapy is a collaborative one in which the “therapist assesses sources of distress and dysfunction and helps the patient clarify goals” (Corsini & Wedding, 2014, p 245). This type of therapeutic relationship is more closely related to the therapeutic relationship of client-centered therapy. The goals of cognitive therapy include first initiating a relationship with the patient and begin to define the problem and look for symptom relief, this may be seen as a combination of the previous therapies. Then as cognitive therapy proceeds “the emphasis shifts from the patient’s symptoms to the patient’s patterns of thinking” (Corsini & Wedding, 2014, p 248). Finally, the length of treatment depends on the severity of the client’s problems. There are three mechanisms of change which are common to all successful forms of psychotherapy, “(1) a comprehensible framework, (2) the …show more content…
All of the therapies I have discussed throughout this paper have become relevant in psychology through years of evolution. Therefore, my personal model of therapy will also evolve as new research comes out and new theories are developed. The wonderful thing about personal models of therapy is that they can and should change over time. Of course, the thoughts, beliefs, and opinions I have expressed throughout this paper reflect my current stance on my personal model of therapy, but there is always the possibility for it to develop and transform. Which would happen as I gain begin to gain firsthand experience as a professional therapist and learn what theories and techniques work and do not work with my

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