Code Switching Case Study

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Another study completed providing support for code switching as a home language use strategy was conducted by Yeganehpour (2012). The purpose of this study was to evaluate if code switching in a reading comprehension classroom for English as a foreign language (EFL) learners would have any effect on their learning of English. The researcher administered a pre-test to both a control group and an experimental group. The control group was not allowed to code switch during their reading comprehension lessons and the experimental group was permitted to do so. The data from the pre to post test showed a significant difference between the experimental group and control group proving that code switching had a positive effect on the experimental …show more content…
The study she executed was in a 1st and 2nd grade integrated classroom that consisted of 20 native Spanish speaking students and a teacher, Ms. Page, who believed in valuing the first language and culture of her students. She believed in utilizing those things to better their first language (L1) and second language (L2) development. Ms. Page allowed for first language use within her classroom throughout the day despite the activity or presence of monolingual students. Students used their L1 often to translate in many different avenues. Some examples of when these students used their L1 and L2 skills to translate were during daily news, in their writing, and during book discussions (Manyak, 2004). Students were able to share their daily news in either their L1 or L2 and then other students depending on the language it was reported in helped to translate for the students who may not have understood. Students also used their L1 when writing and then translated their L1 writing into English, creating bilingual books. Lastly, when monolingual peers from other 1st and 2 grade classrooms integrated into this room, throughout book discussions, both the L1 and L2 were used. In order to ensure that everyone was being heard and understood the bilingual students used their L1 and L2 skills to …show more content…
When teachers choose to incorporate the home language into their every day teaching it shows that they respect and appreciate their students’ home language and culture, which is extremely important. This leads to a more positive learning environment. Szilagyi (2013) and Cummins (2007) believe that incorporating the home language promotes multilingualism and broadens everyone’s awareness of the diversity present in the classroom and the world. When a students’ home language is openly appreciated their self identity goes from feeling underappreciated, unwanted, and isolated, to a positive feeling of acceptance and gratitude (Brooks & Karathanos, 2014; Seltzer, 2014). Seltzer (2014) and Pappamihieal and Lynn (2014) both agree that having the presence of ELLs home languages in the classroom leads to a more accepting and positive learning environment for everyone. Due to this positive learning environment students’ confidence, attitudes and participation in regards to the first language increase significantly (Cuartas Alvarez, 2014; Seltzer,

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