Climate Change In Tanzania Case Study

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In 1992, Tanzania had its first national energy policy and the latest national energy policy was published in 2003. The national policy 2003 mainly focused on the national energy needs in Tanzania, and in the policy, to develop domestic cost effective energy resources, to improve energy reliability, efficiency and security, and to reduce deforestation were also highlighted as the subsidiary objectives. 2003 national energy policy put climate change concept in its content, and it is the first time climate change was mentioned in Tanzania’s national agendas. In the 2003 energy policy, the promotion of efficient biomass conversion and conservation of woodlands were emphasized for the climate change mitigation [12] [13].
The goal of the 2003 energy
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Climate relating agenda and goals
Climate change is an uprising national policy concern recently in Tanzania. Tanzania government has undertaken several strategy level national initiatives for this concern, and among all those policies, three of them are acting actively national wide: the 2007 National Adaptation Programme of Action; the 2012 National Climate Change Strategy; and the 2013 National REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan. In the current five-year national development plan of Tanzania, climate change is also listed as a national development challenge [14].
The climate change strategies are designed to meet the climate change mitigation requirement, to adapt Tanzania to climate change effectively and to achieve sustainable development in Tanzania. The climate change strategies are in line with five-year national development, the Tanzania development vision 2025 and other national sector policies [14].
Generally, there are three monitoring authorities in Tanzania that are in charge of the energy and climate sector. EWURA, VPO-Doe and The National Climate Change Steering Committee (NCCSC) & The National Climate Change Technical Committee (NCCTC). The first two of them have, to some extent, already been introduced in part
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VPO-Doe monitors and regulates environmental management across government departments and agencies. NCCSC & NCCTC, the specific branches of VPO-Doe, are responsible for overseeing and guiding the implementation of climate change activities in the country [10] [12].
Security of supply is the first priority in Tanzania; to have affordable and accessible energy supplies countrywide is the most important target in Tanzania [13].
In the energy policy the importance of enhancing the competitiveness energy market in Tanzania is also highlighted. To facilitate investment, to expand services, and to build efficient pricing mechanisms and other financial incentives is the main challenges in Tanzania energy and Market reform for energy services and adequate institutional framework establishment are the key targets to increase the market competitiveness [13].
Environmental protection was adequately taken into considerations for all energy activities and policies in a way of promoting energy efficiency and conservation in all sectors [13].
The information collected from different sectors and individuals in 2010/2012 showed the results in the Fig.

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