China Dominated Indian Ocean Trade Networks During The Tang And Song Dynasties

1370 Words Jun 9th, 2016 6 Pages
China’s trade growth began as early as the Han dynasty between 202 BCE and 220 CE. This era brought expansion of Chinese territory and new connections with the Indian and Parthian civilizations to the West. As Chinese technology and culture advanced, greater international interactions facilitated the growth of trade. The products exported from China were very high quality specialized goods and commercial crops, like silk, porcelain, and oranges. China’s control of the trade networks directed the flow of wealth and intellectual achievement for centuries. China’s state-of-the-art goods attracted traders from across the continent. This paper will examine why China dominated Indian Ocean trade networks during the Tang and Song dynasties.
A number of internal developments began China’s climb to trade domination. The Grand Canal, built mostly in 605 CE during the Sui Dynasty, led to to construction of larger cities throughout China.1 The rich soils on the southern half of China in the Yangtze River Valley produced a surplus of grain to be sent north in support of the capital cities and armies.2 The canal served as a quick and cost efficient way of transport, as water transport is much less expensive than land travel.3 This extensive trade network within the country supported the growth of large international trade cities such as Guangzhou where foreign merchants gathered en masse.4
Further internal changes aided the growth of China as a trading nation. The introduction of the…

Related Documents