Children 's Developmental Psychologists For Children With Disabilities

1529 Words Dec 20th, 2016 7 Pages
Using toys to play holds a critical role in the intellectual and social development of children. Children often use their daily playtime as a way to engage in the world around them. This play also helps them to have a better understanding of their surroundings. The most recent definition of play consists of five different criteria according to Pellegrini and Boyd (as cited in Toy Play in Infancy and Early Childhood: Normal Development and Special Considerations for Children with Disabilities, 1994). These criteria consist of attention to means, intrinsic motivation, nonliterality, active engagement, and freedom from external rules (Toy Play in Infancy and Early Childhood: Normal Development and Special Considerations for Children with Disabilities, 1994). To fulfill each of these criteria, mass toy producers have turned to children’s developmental psychologists for assistance in designing their toys. It is important to consider the targeted age group and the specific challenges that they face before designing a toy.
Preschool-aged children (ages 2-5) face several developmental challenges. Some of the main challenges that they face, according to Eileen Allen and Lynn Marotz, are the development of their motor skills, vocabulary and intellectual skills, and creativity (2000). Between the ages of 2 and 5 children are in the process of building their social skills and learning how to properly interact with others. According to Carol Sigelman and Elizabeth Rider (2015),…

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