Chemotherapy Essay

933 Words 4 Pages
Cancer is the second leading cause of deaths in the United States. There are many different types cancer therapies including immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiation. There are also many different types of immunotherapy. These include Monoclonal antibodies, non-specific immunotherapies, oncolytic virus therapy, t-cell therapy, and cancer vaccines. In immunotherapy, the therapy uses the body’s immune system to fight the cancer cells. Certain immunotherapies can mark cancer cells so it is easier for the person 's immune system to find and destroy them. The substances that are used in this vaccine are either made in a laboratory or from the human body.
Cancer cells do not stop growing and dividing. They rapidly multiply and divide and they
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The first includes that since chemotherapy involves chemicals for treatment, the anticancer drug can spread quickly throughout the entire body. This cancer treatment is a very aggressive treatment. It is used for destroying the cancer cells, shrinking an existing tumor, preventing cancer cells from growing and thriving, and preventing and slowing down the disease. Chemotherapy is often used to try to shrink tumors, the goal is to improve the patient’s life and decrease the pain/pressure caused by the tumor. It is also used to manage the cancer. The hope is to try to prevent the cancer from metastasizing to other parts of the body. It is often difficult to catch cancer when it spreads throughout your body, and many times by the time it is caught it is too late. This treatment course is used to relieve symptoms, and improve life quality for the patient. The other main reason is to destroy the cancerous cells after a radiation treatment has been done. Or used to help make a radiation treatment more …show more content…
There is no drug out there that just kills cancer cells. Because the chemo is killing cancer cells, it also kills active cells in the body. Also, the chemotherapy cannot completely kill cancer cells in vivo. In time the cancer cells will relapse or metastasis (cancerlive.net). Going along with chemotherapy, there can also be a lot of short term and long term side effects. Because chemotherapy works on both cancerous cells and active cells, it can destroy active cells including cells in your blood, digestive system, hair follicles, and mouth. The side effects happen when the chemotherapy damages these healthy cells. Different drugs cause different side effects. Certain types of chemotherapy have certain side effects for the specific drug. Most of the time though, it depends on how that specific person’s body reacts to the drug. There are a lot of common side effects to chemotherapy. These include: fatigue, which is feeling tired or exhausted all of the time during the person’s treatment. Pain in muscles, stomach, or from the nerve damage, such as burning. Pain from nerve damage also includes shooting pains, usually in the finger and toes. Some of the nervous system or muscles symptoms include tingling, burning, weakness or numbness in the hands, feet, or both, loss of balance, shaking or trembling, and weak, sore, tired, or achy muscles. Some people have permanent nerve damage up to

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