The Health Benefits Of Stem Cells

Great Essays
Stem Cell research has been advancing a lot in recent years and there have been many discoveries that have aided in furthering the research about cancer and how to cure it. They are the next big breakthrough in science and show a promising future. With enough time and research, scientists will be able to utilize stem cells in a way that will be beneficial to cancer patients.
Cancer is known as a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth that has the potential to spread or invade to other parts of the body.
“Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new
…show more content…
“Regenerative medicine holds promise for the treatment of degenerative and genetic diseases” (Marini, 2012, pg 2522). They serve as an internal repair system and divide without limit to replenish other cells. They are different than normal cells in two ways. Firstly, they are unspecialized cells that care able to renew themselves though cell division after long periods of inactivity. Secondly, in some conditions they can be induced to become tissue or organ specific cells with certain special functions. (National Institutes of Health, 2015). “When a stem cell divides, each new cell has the potential either to remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function, such as a muscle cell, a red blood cell, or a brain cell” (National Institutes of Health, 2015).
There are two types of stem cells. Embryonic stem cells and Somatic stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are defined by the National Institutes of Health as, “Primitive (undifferentiated) cells derived from a 5-day preimplantation embryo that are capable of dividing without differentiating for a prolonged period in culture, and are known to develop into cells and tissues of the three primary germ layers” (2015). Somatic stem cells are defined
…show more content…
It remains to be established whether chimeric antigen receptor T cells have clinical activity in AML” (Grupp, 2013, pg 1509). An experiment has been done with another type of modified T cell. This one showed promise for CLL and scientists are working on testing it for ALL as well. It shows lots of promise for the future.
Dawson (2012) found that “In primary human MLL-translocated leukemia cells, BET [bromodomain and extraterminal proteins] inhibition dramatically reduced the clonogenic capacity of the leukemia stem-cell compartment, suggesting that disease eradication may be possible” (pg 655). Bromodomain and extraterminal proteins are a family of proteins that influence gene expression, cell-cycle regulation, and development. A melanoma is a cancer of the melanocytes. These are the cells that make myelin (this pigment gives skin its color). Most melanomas form on the skin, but they can also be found in other pigmented tissues, such as the eye. It is rare, only 2% of all skin cancers are melanoma. It does, however, cause the most deaths from skin cancer. (National Cancer Institute,

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Heterogeneity Of Cancer

    • 834 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Scientists find out that since pre-invasive cancer cells are highly unstable and potential to spread, those cells should be treated. With a genetically diverse tumor, there is a good chance that a few cells will survive when whole other cells die. With current technology, scientists are able to analyze the individual cancer cells in perspective of evolutionary biology which could help them pinpoint its cancer’s adaption and unlimited growth. When cancer cells reproduce, there is always a risk of error which DNA is mistakenly copied, chromosomes misalign, and break up into wrong cell. The new evolutionary approach, a phylogenetic tree, allows scientists to calculate which genes are more likely to be copied or die and become grow or survive.…

    • 834 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ddp Chemotherapy

    • 1238 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Li et al. (2013) investigated the antitumor efficacy when combining the use of adenovirus-mediated PTEN (AdVPTEN) gene therapy and cisplatin-based (DDP) chemotherapy. It is hopeful that in the near future many more clinical trials will be able to be released to suppress tumors, reduce the chance of relapse, and effectively kill lung cancer cells without harm to other body…

    • 1238 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    (1) Cancerous tumors are distinguished by cell division, which is no longer controlled by a normal tissue. The normal cells stop dividing when they come into contact with like cells,a mechanism known as “contact inhibition".Cancerous cells lose their ability . The concept of chemotherapy is to kill cancer cells and it depends on its ability to hold cell division. Usually, cancer drugs work by damaging the RNA or DNA that basically tells the cell how to replicate or copy itself in cell division. If the cancer cells don’t divide on time, they die.…

    • 853 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Common cancers Topoisomerase inhibitor drugs treat are leukemia, lung, and ovarian cancers. A disadvantage to taking Topoisomerase inhibitor drugs is that there is a greater chance of being diagnosed with a second cancer. Mitotic inhibitor drugs are plant alkaloids that come from natural products and work by stopping mitosis or enzymes from making the proteins that the cancer cell would need to produce more. This drug treatment works during the m cycle of the cell phase. Two side effects from Mitotic inhibitor drugs are that it can harm cells in all stages of the cell…

    • 1072 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The Cause Of Cancer

    • 1239 Words
    • 5 Pages

    It is also probable that cancer treatment, or cancer therapeutics, will become predictable with the location, and recognition of tumor biomarkers, allowing for more targeted and effective cancer treatments (Olopade and Pichert, 2001). Further digging into therapeutic and oncogenic effects on repair inhibitors are validated to pinpoint the appropriate targets (Olopade and Pichert, 2001). Cancer genetics in oncology is being greatly improved by the Humane Genome Project. Cancer is caused by the fast progressive accumulation of mutated genes that control cell growth, and this can be seen by genetic testing (Olopade and Pichert, 2001). Although genetic testing is used, it is still not used to it’s full potential in oncology care.…

    • 1239 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    This therapy inserts genes into cancer cells to make the cells more sensitive to die to particular treatments such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Another type of gene therapy consists the use of pro drugs, which help deliver genes though out the body inactively, but when it detects a cancer cell it reacts and the drug begins to kill. Some gene therapies are specified to block the processes that cancer cells use to exist. An example is that cells in the body are expected to die when their DNA is unable to be repaired which happens after a certain amount of time (apoptosis). Cancer cells block this natural process, which allows for the tumor of malfunctioning cells.…

    • 1271 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

    Thomson’s work laid a foundation for stem cell therapy, where healthy cells will replace diseased or dysfunctional cells. These cells will attack the root of the illness rather prescribing the current treatment method, which tends to the symptoms. The cells in this area of study are able to live independently under controlled conditions or they can reproduce in the special solutions of petri dishes and test tubes. In these manipulated…

    • 1762 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    BRCA1, an example of a tumor suppressor gene, was the first breast cancer gene to be identified; mutated forms of this gene are responsible for some cases of inherited breast cancer, especially those that occur in younger women. They are also a gene that are normal and that slow down cell division, they repair DNA mistakes, and tell cells when to die which is referred to apoptosis. When the tumor suppressor gene doesn’t work right, cells can grow out of control which can lead to cancer. Many of the families cancer syndromes are caused by inherited defects from the tumor suppressor…

    • 1055 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Cancer Awareness Outline

    • 1669 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Cancer Awareness and Funding Thesis: Cancer awareness plays an important and critical role in increasing funding for cancer research. I. What is Cancer? A. Cancer is a disease where cells become abnormal and grow uncontrollably B.…

    • 1669 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Stem Cell Importance

    • 1517 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Unlike muscle, blood, or nerve cells, which do not normally replicate themselves, stem cells can divide and renew themselves(Unique Properties of Stem Cells). A second unique property t describe stem cells is differentiation, which is the process in which unspecialized stem cells can give rise to specialized cells. Scientists have just begun to understand the signals inside and out that trigger the differentiation(Unique Properties of Stem Cells). A number of experiments over the last couple years have made scientists think that stem cells from one tissue may be able to give rise cell types of an entirely different tissues Examples of such plasticity, which is the third unique property, include blood cells becoming neurons (nerve cells), liver cells that can be made to produce insulin, and hematopoietic stem cells that can…

    • 1517 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays