Characteristics Of Islamic Revivalism

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Throughout most of this class this semester, the idea of what makes an Islamic movement authentically “Islamic” appears to be explicit, hardline doctrinal ties to the establishment of some sort of Islamic polity. As Ali Rahnema mentions in the introduction of the Pioneers of the Islamic Revival:
“Islamic Revivalism …is characterized by a renewed interest in Islam as an endogenous ideology with redeeming powers. For the born-again Muslim the Qur’an and the Tradition of the Prophet provide fundamental sources from which solutions for pressing contemporary socio-political and economic powers could be deduced. The Islam of private practices and rituals is socialized and publicized. The lives, struggles and sacrifices of the worthy companions and successors of the Prophet are glorified and
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Since Napoleon’s invasion of Egypt in 1798, Muslims across the globe, such as Jamal al-din al-Afghani, Muhammad Abduh, and Rashid Rida, proposed revolutionary ways to apprehend Islam and make it competitive against the overwhelming dominance by Western, Christian powers. However, their particular revivalist methods should not be seen as the only ways in which Islamic peoples and groups reformed or reinterpreted Islam in order to meet the current political and social demands. An imperative question to ask is in what ways have other movements not typically included under the Islamic movement umbrella have been indeed Islamic, promoting a specific type of Islam? Ethnic nationalist and secular movements, while typically ascribed as being antithetical to Islamic ones, indeed may exhibit many important Islamic dispositions, interpretations, and structures upon a closer

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