Characteristics Of Culture Retention And Receiving Culture Acquisition

1111 Words Mar 17th, 2016 null Page
Berry discussed acculturation on the individual level and stated that even despite there being overall changes within a group, individuals’ changes might vary significantly as a part of these collective changes. The theory emphasizes factors prior and during the process of acculturation (pre-arrival and post-arrival) as well as highlights group and cultural (i.e. political context) and social/psychological (social factors, language proficiency) variables that influence the acculturation experience (Berry, 2005).
Within Berry’s model, the two dimensions of heritage-culture retention and receiving-culture acquisition interact to create four acculturation categories. These categories include assimilation, separation, integration, and marginalization. Berry defined an assimilated sojourner as someone who adopted the receiving culture and discarded the heritage culture completely, while oppositely he considered a separated sojourner someone who rejected the receiving culture and retained the heritage culture. An integrated individual was someone who adopted the receiving culture while maintaining the heritage culture and a marginalized person as someone who rejected both the heritage and receiving cultures (Yue & Le, 2013).
It is important to note, that Berry also reported that even though an individual may have a preferred acculturation strategy, the individual could possibly have various strategies depending on his or her location. For instance, more cultural maintenance may…

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