Healthcare Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI)

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Background and Significance of the Problem
Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) is a group of infections that patients get from receiving invasive procedures, devices, treatments, or simply from other patients while they stay in the hospitals. HAIs is a major problem in public health that can prolong the length of hospital stay, increase the rate of morbidity and mortality and create a significant financial burden on healthcare system (Arefian, Vogel, Kwetkat, & Hartmann, 2016; Zimlichman et al, 2013). Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) is one of the common types of HAIs. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection involving the urinary system, including urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidney (Centers of Disease Control
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Dependence variable. The rate of CAUTIs within the period of 6 months from three group of participants
2. Definition of Dependence Variable. The rate of CAUTIs is defined as the total number of participants who develop CAUTIs during their hospital stay within the 6-month period of the study.
3. Independence variables. In this study, there are three types of daily bathing baths: traditional basin bathing with soap and warm water, CHG solution with basin bathing, and CHG prepackaged bath wipes.
4. Definition of Independence Variable. Traditional basin bathing is provided by using washcloths, basin, non-antimicrobial soap and water. The CHG basin bath is the combination of traditional basin bath but used the 2% of CHG liquid solution instead of non-antimicrobial soap. The CHG prepackage bath wipes is provided by using disposable prepackaged wipes with CHG solution.
Operating Variables: Baths are provided to participants daily by RNs for each patients with urinary catheters. First group of participants, a control group, will receive a routine daily basin bath with soap and water. The second group, participants will receive daily basin bath with 2% of CHG solution and warm water. Both bath used 8-10 washcloths and towels to dry the patients skin. The third group, participants will receive daily bath using 3 packs (each package contains 3 cloths) of prepackage CHG bath

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