Causes Of World War 1 Break Out

Good Essays
81A homework: Why did world war 1 break out?

World war 1 officially started on July 28 1914, however there had been many things happen before the war which contributed to causing the war. There were 5 main causes; the alliance system; two groups of 3 countries who would protect each other at war, the arms race;the competition to have the biggest army and the most weapons, Morocco in 1905 and 1911; when Germany tried to gain power over morocco but was humiliated; the
Balkans, because the countries in the Balkans were in different alliances and finally the assassination of the archduke Franz Ferdinand; when 2 serbs were accused of killing Austria Hungary 's archduke.In my opinion, the alliance system was the main cause of World War 1.

First
…show more content…
Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were killed by a group of Bosnian-Serbs who were part of the terrorist group the black hand. It happened when they were visiting Bosnia inspecting the army in Sarajevo. They were assassinated on 28 June 1914 which was was also Serbia 's National Day. Franz Ferdinand 's visit was a direct insult to the Serbs and that also angered the Bosnian-serbian terrorists. They planned on killing him when he was driving down the main road in Sarajevo, the Appel Quay. The first conspirator who tried to kill Franz Ferdinand threw a bomb at his car, he missed and was arrested this then meant that Franz and Sophie escaped unhurt. After the incident they both decided to abandon the visit and return home taking a different route to the one planned. No one had informed the driver that the route home had been changed. Therefore, the driver turned into Franz Josef Street,which was the way they were originally meant to go. The duke told the driver of his mistake so they stopped the car. Unfortunately, one of the terrorists (Gavrilo Princip) was there on his way home.Gavrilo Princip pulled out his gun and shot at him, he hit him in the jugular vein, after he then shot Sophie.Franz Ferdinand had bled to death and his wife died almost instantly after impact. This event led to war because Austria-Hungary was desperate to declare war on Serbia and they finally had a reason, …show more content…
For example, the alliance system links back to the assassination because it could have just been a small war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia but it ended up being a world war because both countries had allies who got involved to fight for their side. As you can see here the two different causes are linked. The alliance system links all of them together because if one country declared war on another, whether it be because of bitterness or because they want to prove they have the best army,both countries would get their allies involved to protect them. My conclusion is that the alliance system was the main cause of the war. This is because if the countries didn 't have allies the war wouldn 't have escalated into a world war. You could also argue that the assassination caused the war because the war between Serbia and Austria-Hungary wouldn 't have happened if the assassination hadn 't have took place, however if the countries didn 't have allies it wouldn 't have been such a large war. You could even argue that what happened in Morocco was the main cause of the war because it left the German Kaiser angry,bitter and wanting revenge on France, however the alliance system still plays a part because when Germany does declare war on France, Britain (who was one of France 's allies) declares war on Germany to protect France. As you can see no matter what cause you pick they all link back to the alliance

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    To begin with, all of the European nations were hungry for power, and territory. They just needed a reason to start a war, the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was the perfect spark. Serbia was eager to start a war with Austria, but in order to start a war with Austria, Bosnia funded a terrorist organization better known as ‘The Black Hand’. In 1914, the Archduke of Austria, traveled to the Bosnian city Sarajevo, where both the archduke, and his wife were shot by Gavrilo Princip, a member of The Black Hand. Austria then declared war on Serbia for their responsibility of the assassination, and the delicate peace between Europe 's great nations collapsed, thus beginning the disastrous combat now known as World War I. Russia at the time was already allied with Serbia, which meant that they would defend Serbia against Austria.…

    • 1026 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This was a cause of World War I because it made each country thin they were the most important and they wanted to be successful. Also nationalism made people think that war was a good idea because it would not only show power and allow a country to gain power. Also, many ethnic groups wanted to become their own nation, for example slavic minorities in the Balkans. Another way nationalism helped cause the war was issues within a nation. Some leaders would use war to distract the citizens from any problems they might be having in their own country.…

    • 1408 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Seeing this, Germany formed an alliance with the Austrian-Hungarian empire and Italy. This ensured that the smallest of conflicts would drag all of europe into a bloody war - because of a chain reaction of mutual obligations among these powers. After the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Serbia and Austria-Hungary were set for war. Germany being allied with Austria-Hungary were obligated to offer their support in the war even though Kaiser Wilhelm II himself tried to persuade Austria-Hungary to reconsider the option of war. Due to this, Serbia called upon her ally Russia.…

    • 1105 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Adolf Hitler was a horrible person he killed millions of people. Adolf hitler put people into concentration camp and killed them. But later the red army was driving Hitlers troops back. And Germans was losing the war in the military perspective. But later he killed himself and his wife.…

    • 721 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Nationalism Dbq

    • 674 Words
    • 3 Pages

    In Document B, We can clearly see that where the start of the war happened. Austria wanted Serbia to apologize for the Assassination. Serbia was too proud to apologize and asked for help from Russia, while Austria had Germany( The alliances were of no help as well).France was helping Russia fight Germany as well as the United Kingdom.If it was not for all of these alliances and the fact that Germany was taken on more than one country , the war was taken to ridiculous lengths.…

    • 674 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Germany feared Russia because of the population and expansion of industrial materials. With some of the countries carving more land and a larger military group, however, they saw opportunities opening before them as they planned invasion. When Archduke Ferdinand was killed the morning of June 28, 1914, by a Serbian nationalist for the country to gain their land and thrown, the outbreak of World War I had then sparked. After the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia, which then lead to Germany, Russia, Great Britain, and France being brought into the war at cause of their alliance agreement. “The month-long period following the assassination became known as the ‘July crisis.’ It drew in most of the major political leaders of Europe, in some form or another; some sought to avoid war while others seemed hell-bent on…

    • 842 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    World War 1 Tension Essay

    • 1538 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Britain entered the war when Germany violated Belgians neutrality on its way to invade France. This is how the pre-war alliances played a role in the start of the war, it was a domino effect because of the alliances one country declared war and the rest had to…

    • 1538 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    As the conflict between Serbia and Austria-Hungary arose over land dispute, World War I was just beginning. The assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Austria-Hungary had sparked the war. However, the war had between the two nations had greatly escalated as alliances started to join. At that that time, Italy was just a neutral country until it was dragged into the war due to the alliance. Many would argue that the nation of Italy had served no real purpose in World War I, however, without the help of Italy, World War I would have not ended in the way it was.…

    • 1703 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The third cause was nationalism and how people would do anything for their country. People believed that they were the best and that war would mean they would gain power. The spark was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Even with all the other causes a war might not have occurred without this spark. It set the countries off allowing them to use their strong militaries, help their allies, and make their country seem like the…

    • 1742 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Causes Of World War 1

    • 1005 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Nationalism was a pride in one’s country and people were willing to fight for their national pride. Imperialism was bigger countries taking over smaller, weaker countries. Germany was the main problem in this because they wanted land in Africa like Great Britain. Assassination was the fire that lit the fuse to the war when archduke Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were murdered by ethnic Serbs. If Germany wouldn’t of been greedy in trying to be a world power and people didn’t blame one ethnic actions on a whole country, WWI would of maybe never happened during this time period.…

    • 1005 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays