Racial Residential Discrimination

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Causal Argument Racial discrimination is still quite prevalent in present America. African-Americans make up 14% of drug users in America, but comprise of 37% of people arrested for drug-related offenses. Legally, African-American men are three times more likely to be searched at a traffic stop and six times more likely to go to jail than white men. The jail sentences for African-Americans are often longer than whites for similar crimes. Additionally, the concern of police brutality and the profiling of African-American men has ascended in recent years. In education, African-Americans are three times more likely to be suspended than others and make up 40 percent of expulsions. Furthermore, by 2042, nonwhites will be the majority …show more content…
The causes of racial residential segregation are rather interesting. The first cause includes black self-segregation. As with most cultures, African-Americans may favor living in majority black neighborhoods. However, some simply fear hostility when considering an integrated neighborhood. Another factor includes what is described as “white collective action,” meaning that homeowners and businesses are able to ignore black households. For example, businesses in the housing market often lead black clients towards black neighborhoods and vice versa. While the causes of racial residential segregation can be expounded on, it is important to focus on the negative consequences of it. For instance, economic development and employment rates are lower in black neighborhoods than in white neighborhoods or integrated neighborhoods. Findings also show that segregated areas have lower high school graduation rates, lower earnings, and a higher probability of single parenthood than do blacks in integrated areas (Boustan). Because these environments have tremendous differences, it is difficult for people to understand the circumstances of another. Growing up in a particular environment can shape one’s attitude towards it. For instance, a white person would be much more comfortable in a neighborhood with the characteristics of a white neighborhood. Likewise, if that same person was more …show more content…
While most racism in America seems to be focused on African-Americans, Native Americans have often been victims of it as well. Looking at historical Native American policy, it can be argued that racism lies at the foundation of the American legal system. David C. Williams of Indiana University states that “Indian law rests on the doctrine of discovery: the idea that because Europeans were ‘superior,’ they could rightfully claim sovereignty over native tribes and lands.” Williams also highlights the historical handling of Native American rights by the government, specifically the Supreme Court. Throughout American history, there has consistently been systematic racism against minorities. Concerning African Americans, they have endured endured the Slave Trade, the Civil War and reconstruction period, Jim Crow laws, and most recently a high amount of inappropriate police behavior. Although slavery took place centuries prior to our current society, it had an extreme impact that is still being felt

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