Essay about Causes And Consequences Of Diabetes

961 Words Dec 2nd, 2016 4 Pages
Diabetes
Populations all over the world are facing life-threatening diseases in everyday life. Some of these diseases are curable and some of them may stick with the patient forever and eventually lead to one’s death. Among all the diseases that have been recognized so far, diabetes ranks on the top of leading causes of death and disability worldwide (Schneider, 2014). It is also considered the 7th leading cause of death in the United States in 2010 with 76,488 total number of deaths. Diabetes can be defined as a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce enough or any insulin increases the glucose level in the blood (Damjanov, 2012). Glucose is the main source of energy needed to meet the metabolic needs of one’s body. It can be obtained from starchy foods, sugary foods, milk, and fruits. Once the digestion process is completed and glucose is formed, it moves into the bloodstream. The pancreas starts releasing insulin, that has been produced by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans, into the blood. The insulin allows the glucose to get into the cells where it can be used for energy to maintain the body’s metabolic rate. This process does not work properly with people who have diabetes. In 2012, 29.1 million Americans had diabetes (roughly 9.3 percent of population). There are three main types of diabetes: Diabetes type I, diabetes type II, and gestational diabetes.

First, diabetes type I which is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes. Sometimes, it is…

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