Case Study of Uganda Population Essay

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A case study of a youthful population


Uganda’s age-sex structure:



The reproductive behaviour of individual families influences the nations population as a whole and the impact of population size, growth and structure is felt in the level of welfare of individuals and the family. To a great extent what families do is determined by their income earning and knowledge, factors that are not necessarily completely in their control. The high fertility rate and youthful age structure in Uganda has resulted in the build up of a population momentum. Even if fertility were to drop drastically to replacement levels, the population of Uganda would still continue to grow for at least 40-50 years. This has
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iii) Increased demand for education services
• the government has set itself to achieve universal primary education by 2003 but the high birth rate may hinder this. The population of primary school age is expected to grow from 3.3 million (1991) to 7.2 million by 2021. Much larger expenditures will be needed to pay for an increasing number of teachers, classrooms and materials and equipment.

iv) Labour force and employment
• the youthful population accounts for a substantial expansion of the labour force, which is mainly engaged in agriculture and the informal sector. The potential labour force is expected to double between 1991-2021 to reach 16.8million. Very few employment opportunities can be generated in the formal sector and these limited opportunities for growth in the economy increase problems of unemployment, underemployment, rural-urban migration and crime.

v) Urbanisation and Housing / Related Services.
• Housing is a basic human need and has implications for health and productivity of a population. Rapid increase in population has not been matched by the growth and development in basic physical infrastructure and the provision of adequate housing and social amenities is not keeping pace with demand. Outcomes include over-crowding, growth of slums and deterioration. Very low numbers have access to electricity and safe drinking water and pit

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