Carnatic War Case Study

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POLITICAL SITUATION OF INDIA DURING ANGLO-FRENCH WAR

The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb died in 1707. Bahadur Shah I succeeded him. However, there was a significant decline in the central control over the empire during the tenure of Jahandar Shah and later emperors. In the mean time, Nizam-ul-Mulk established Hyderabad as an independent kingdom. After his death, his son: Nasir Jung and his grandson: Muzaffar Jung started to fight against each other for the throne, which gave an opportunity to French and English people to enter into Indian politics. France aided Muzaffar Jung while England supported Nasir Jung.

Former Mughal territory Carnatic was autonomous, ruled by Nawab Dost Ali Khan despite being under the legal purview of the Nizam of Hyderabad. French and English continued to
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The First Carnatic War was an offshoot of the Anglo-French rivalry in the Austrian war of succession that happened in Europe.
2. Further, in 1745; the British navy captured French ships causing French Army to call for a backup and thus clash each other.
3. The French Governor, Dupleix captured Madras, and the British were made prisoners of the war.
4. Further, Dupleix withdrew the French East India Company’s promise to return Madras to Nawab of Carnatic, causing the nawab Anwar-ud-din to attack him.

SECOND CARNATIC WAR:-
1. In 1748, with the death of the Nizam of Hyderabad Asaf Jah, quarrel broke between Nasir and Muzaffar for his throne. The war began when the English and the French, started to back opposing parties, with the dispute of succession in Hyderabad and Carnatic.
2. Further, one of the other reasons of the war was that both the companies wanted to politically and financially control India, and not just trade here.

THIRD CARNATIC WAR:-
1. Result of the renewed conflict between English and Frence in 7 years war in Europe between France, Austria, Saxony, Sweden and Russia on one side; and Prussia, Hanover and Great Britain on the

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