Cariage Of Dangerous Goods By Sea Case Study

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CHAPTER ONE
Introduction
International Trade has made the world a global village. The superstructure of international trade is built on the shipping industry. The shipping industry is very critical for trade and it faces a fair share of troubles and issues regarding course deviation by ships, seaworthiness of ships, delays in delivery, shipping of dangerous cargo, marine insurance disputes, cargo-worthiness and care of cargo, jurisdictional issues and many other such issues.
No country can boast of to be self-sufficient, since all the countries are inter-dependant on each other for commodities like food grains, petroleum, iron & steel, coal, cement, medicine and drugs etc. And they can fulfill their needs only via trade. Before the invention of aircrafts, the only mode of transport and carriage available was either by road or by ship. All over the world, ships are a preferred means for trading, since they can carry a massive quantity of goods in their hold and are more cost effective, and hence are used extensively for carriage of goods and cargo. To enable this carriage of goods, ships need to be in a seaworthy condition to be able to fight the perils at sea and complete the voyage without any harm to the goods. Many a times, seemingly seaworthy ships reach their destination with goods which have been partially or completely
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International trade of goods like oil, petroleum, coal and natural gas has increased tremendously over the years and the potential liability that both carriers and shippers face is immense. The author very nicely covered the meaning and types of dangerous goods, distinguishing between dangerous and non-dangerous goods, doctrine of strict liability and duties & obligations of both the parties in relation to carriage of dangerous goods by

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