Bullying & Agression Essay
Bullying: What, Where & How?
Bullying is aggressive behaviour with the intent of intimidating and wounding one either physically or emotionally, and has a tendency to be deliberate and recurring.
Bullying is demonstrated by various forms of aggressive behaviour such as verbal, psychological, physical, racial, and in cyber-space (internet & social media).
Fundamentally, aggression is developed from social behaviour and maintained by conditions such as operant conditioning. Positive reinforcement after an aggressive act causes repetition of the act to again gain a reward. Bandura’s Bobo Doll Experiment revealed children who were exposed to aggressive models were more likely to show imitative …show more content…
Therefore one approach to minimise bullying in a school environment is by introducing a counselling program that provides counsel to the bully to develop higher empathy levels- essentially increasing empathy levels and decreasing bullying.
Ethical considerations in research
In regards to psychological investigations concerning bullying, there are ethical principles and implications that must be taken into consideration.
Primarily, consent from the participant is fundamental to the study- participants should be informed of all aspects involved, specifically aspects likely to change their willingness to participate.
In addition to consent and in reference to a psychological bullying investigation, protection of participants is a major component of consideration. As the study is investigating a participant’s social behaviour (possibly involving deception for authenticity in findings) caution must be taken to ensure participants do not consequently develop mental problems.
Debriefing, confidentiality and freedom to withdraw are further components to be considered.
Testing the effectiveness of a strategy