How Did African Americans Win The Civil War


There were African American troops that marched with George Washington. In 1815 they served under Andrew Jackson in New Orleans against the British.


It was not until the Civil War that there was a large number of African Americans in the military.

When the Confederates attacked Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, many African Americans wanted to join the Union army. Sometime in 1862 Colonel Higginson from Massachusetts was given command of the First Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers. They were the first United States regimen made up of slaves.

By the end of the Civil War, there were over 180,000 African Americans who had fought in the Union army. There were over 33,000 that lost their lives.

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The African American regiments made u 10 percent of the Union army. They fought in 449 engagements and 39 were considered major battle.

Jefferson Davis decided to increase the fortification of Richmond. Davis had 4,500 African Americans drafted in October of 1862 to help do the work. The role the African Americans played the Civil War is often forgotten.

The Southern slave owners often leased their slaves to the Confederate army. The slaves worked as manual laborers building roads, and fortifying building. Some of the slave owners that served in the Confederate army took some of their slaves with them to be their servants.

Free African Americans made up the First Louisiana Native Guard. They were recognized by Louisiana as part of the state militia but their commanders were white. They never had weapons or fought in battles. They were disbanded and many went to fight for the Union.

In 1865 the Confederate army allowed the African Americans to be soldiers but it was too late to help the Confederate
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They mapped over 34,000 miles of unsettled territory.

RED RIVER WAR June 06, 1874

The U.S. Armies job was to try to get the Kiowa, Comanche, Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho back to the reservations in the Indian Territory. The Indian tribes fought one last fight for their native land under the leadership of Chief Quanah Parker. The army and Indians fought over 20 battles on the Texas panhandle around the Red River from 1874 to 1875.

The first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point was Henry O. Flipper.

Captain Nicholas Nolan took 60 10th Cavalry Buffalo Soldiers from Fort Concho across Texas chasing some Comanches that had been raiding. Texas was having a very bad drought. After chasing the Comanches for 5 days the soldiers became lost in Llano Estacado without water. Four of the soldiers died. This expedition became known as “The Staked Plains Horror.”



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