Buddhism ( 1 ( 1750 ) Essay

814 Words Dec 5th, 2014 4 Pages
Buddhism: (1 - 1750) Buddhism originated in N. India, and is traced back to Siddhartha Guatama’s search for an antidote to end suffering in the 5th century BCE. Early Buddhism was spread slowly along the trade routes by Buddhist merchants and monks. In the 3rd century CE, Ashoka, a ruler of the Mauryan Empire, converted to Buddhism. He did not forcefully convert his people, but he sent missionaries to East Asia and left edicts throughout the empire. Buddhism eventually made it’s way into places like Nepal, Japan, and Tibet before the first millenium was finished. Buddhism was so successful in the Tang Dynasty that Confucians began suppressing the Buddhists, who they saw as a threat to the Confucian state model. Even so, Buddhism spread widely in the Tang, Song, Yuan and Ming empires.
Islam: (610 - 1750) After the death of Muhammad the Prophet, his father-in-law Abu Bakr became the first caliph and re-established the Muslim authority in the Arabian Peninsula. Islam continued to spread through conquests, and by the eighth century Islam forces had conquered Syria, Egypt, Tunisia and Spain. Islam was an integral political element in the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates, and because Muslim was concentrated in cities, many people flocked to the cities for pilgrimage, education and trade, fostering a diverse Islamic population.
Sunni-Shiite schism: (632 - 1750) The split occurred after Muhammad’s death over the issue of succession. Where the Shi’ites wanted the line of leadership to…

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