Sassanid Empire

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  • Manichean Texts

    Manichean Texts of the Silk Road Tun-Huang was a major destination along the Silk Road. The caves of the thousand Buddhas contained many important manuscripts and pieces of art which have been used by historians to learn about the cultures of the Silk Road. Among these were three Manichean texts written in Chinese. These are the Hymnscroll, the Compendium of the Doctrines of Mani, and the Traité Pelliot. These are significant because they are some of the only written documents we have of the Manicheans so they are important to historians in researching the Manichean people. They are also important because they were recovered by major explorers in the 1900s. Now they sit in important museums all over the world. The three Manichean texts from the caves of the thousand Buddhas are the Hymnscroll, the Compendium of the Doctrines of Mani, and the Traité Pelliot. First, the Hymnscroll was a book of Manichean hymns that was written in Chinese. It is written on paper and was written on both sides of the paper. The Hymnscroll is composed of three major Manichean hymns and addresses the religion of the Manicheans. This document is important because it contains some of the only information about Manichean religion that is available. Second, the Compendium of the Doctrines of Mani is a Manichean document, written on paper, which tells the story of Mani. Mani was the founder of the Manichean religion who holds a similar role to Mohammad. This document is important because it gives…

    Words: 1457 - Pages: 6
  • Rise Of The Islamic Empire

    THE RISE OF AN ISLAMIC EMPIRE FROM THE 6TH TO THE 13TH CENTURIES. James Q. Shelton History 101 11/15/2016 During the rise of the Islamic Empire from the 6th to the 13th centuries, Islam changed political, social, and cultural conditions. The intentions of this essay are to inform readers of the rise of the Islamic Empire. The begin of Islam is set apart in the year 610, after the principal disclosure to the prophet Muhammad at 40 years old. Muhammad and his devotees spread the lessons…

    Words: 1253 - Pages: 6
  • Rise Of Buddhism Essay

    a ruler of the Mauryan Empire, converted to Buddhism. He did not forcefully convert his people, but he sent missionaries to East Asia and left edicts throughout the empire. Buddhism eventually made it’s way into places like Nepal, Japan, and Tibet before the first millenium was finished. Buddhism was so successful in the Tang Dynasty that Confucians began suppressing the Buddhists, who they saw as a threat to the Confucian state model. Even so, Buddhism spread widely in the Tang, Song, Yuan and…

    Words: 814 - Pages: 4
  • Essay On Zoroastrianism

    society consists of unequal relationships, so if the superiors in society behave with sincerity, courtesy, and are respectful, the inferiors will be submissively motivated to do also. Confucianism not only gave more social mobility within classes but also gave more rights for women. However, these new Confucian rights were not given for women to gain independence such as the right for higher education but for them to serve the men better, maintaining a patriarchal society. Instead of using the…

    Words: 1055 - Pages: 5
  • Elam: The Persian Empire

    The Persian Empire, orginally know as Elam, throughout the years had a significant impact on the developement of of Mesopotamia. Although not actually located in the Mesopotamian Valley, but instead located on the other side of the mountains that borders Mesopotamia's northern boundries in what is now called Iran. Beginning as nomads in southwestern Iran and eventually evolving into a nation known as Elam, around 2500BC, whose history of development paralleled that of Sumer and Assyria. Over…

    Words: 744 - Pages: 3
  • Minoan Society Rises

    2200 BCE China’s Xia Dynasty rises Minoan society rise 2000 BCE Indo Europeans began to build settlements in the Italian peninsula A sophisticated society of Minoans arose from the island of Crete 1800 BCE Bronze metallurgy brought by the Etruscans in Rome 1766 BCE Xia Dynasty decline China’s Shang Dynasty rises 1628 BCE Volcanic eruption on the island of Thera destroyed almost everything 1600 BCE Mycenaean society rises Mycenaeans began trade with Minoans and learned about…

    Words: 959 - Pages: 4
  • Rome's Natural Disasters

    During the reign of Marcus Aurelius, the last of the five good emperors, many natural disasters occurred. The Tiber River flooded; famine hit, and the army brought back plague from the East. All of these resulted in a major loss of population and a shortage of military power. Many of the Romans believed that these disasters foreshadowed a worrying future for Rome. This belief was proven by the presence of new problems after Marcus Aurelius died. Marcus Aurelius appointed his own son as his…

    Words: 386 - Pages: 2
  • Zoroastrianism: The First Monotheistic Religion

    Introduction Zoroastrianism is one of the oldest religions in the world. It was one of the first monotheistic religion to exist. The religion was founded by Zarathustra, also known as Zoroaster. It was once the state religion of ancient Persia, now Iran. However, because of the spread of Islam, today, the religion isn’t as big as it used to be and not a lot of people practice it. History Zoroaster is traditionally believed to have lived around the 6th century BC. When he was around 30 he had a…

    Words: 375 - Pages: 2
  • The Seljuk Turks In Ancient Greece

    Prompt A1: The Seljuk Turks were an Islamic tribe in Persia during the early eleventh century that began to expand westward. In 1071 CE, at the Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantine army battled the Seljuk Turks. Romanus IV, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire, was killed and his army obliterated. The Turks expanded their empire into Anatolia, Syria, Jerusalem, and throughout the Holy Land. Turkish zealots prevented Christian pilgrims from visiting Jerusalem and other places Christians…

    Words: 1414 - Pages: 6
  • Byzantine Empire Vs Islamic Caliphates

    exchange based on trade and human migration are more distinct, a more evident shift to monotheistic world religions exist, and a greater spread of “civilization” to additional regions of the world comes into play. It was around this time period when the Byzantine Empire and the Islamic Caliphates would come into existence. The Byzantine Empire, whose name is derived from a modest market town and fishing village known as Byzantion, was located in the eastern Mediterranean; while the empire of the…

    Words: 1134 - Pages: 5
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