British Imperialism Essay
2 April 2015
Impact of British Imperialism
In the late 1800’s, European nations only controlled about 10 percent of the continent of Africa, France to the north and Britain to the south (Edgar, 2008). As time goes by, other countries gain conquests, mostly in western areas of Africa. This essay will go over a few key points in history that led to the Age of Imperialism and the British colonization of Southern Africa. The essay will also identify key players in this age. Southern Africa was known for its gold and other valuable items that made it so appealing to Europeans. This and many other reasons led to wars over the areas that had high gold content.
In the mid-1800’s European nations begin seizing …show more content…
The, “Scramble for Africa,” as it was being called, was an attempt for European countries to dot the map with conquests of all the countries of Africa. The scramble had other intentions as well, such as the abolishing slavery (David, 2011). Shortly before his death in 1873, David Livingstone called for the worldwide abolition of slavery and said that the only way to liberate Africa was to employ the three c’s: commerce, Christianity and civilization (David, 2011). At the Berlin Conference, which was convened by Otto Von Bismarck, the 13 European powers spoke about the abolition of slavery but economic objectives got in the way and once again the people of Africa were exploited for profitable gain (David, 2011). Protecting old markets and creating new ones was the main objective in the eyes of the European leaders with no though being put into the protection of the native people (David, 2011).
Britain’s intentions grew more and more after each passing year. “They were primarily concerned with keeping communication with India, which explains the interest in Egypt and South Africa,” (David,