British Diplomacy And Chamberlain 's Attitude Towards War Essay

1344 Words Feb 8th, 2016 6 Pages
When attempting to understand why appeasement was used as a measure to stop war, considering the the ideology of Chamberlain is crucial in terms of understanding the perspective in which he viewed war. Throughout the 1930’s, pacifism had flourished in Britain as almost two and a half million British soldiers had been killed or wounded in the first world war. This act of war, although it happened some 20 years prior, had still been fresh in the minds of the British people. Neville Chamberlain would carry the torch of pacifism ever since he was elected Prime Minister of Britain in 1937. Chamberlain’s pacifist attitude towards war in general was a culmination of living through the war himself and of having a cousin, whom Chamberlain cared for dearly, killed during the first world war. He saw for himself the devastation that war caused for his family as well as millions of other families. For these reasons, the foundation of British diplomacy and Chamberlain 's attitude towards war prior to 1939 would have been to prevent war in Europe at all costs. Chamberlain had already seen one great war tear Europe apart, he believed an other would destroy civilization. On the other hand, dictators such as Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin were gladly feasting on the fruits of war. Mussolini, dictator of Italy, was looking for military glory for himself and Italy, Stalin brooded over eastern Europe as an attempt to secure the Soviet Union, and Hitler was planning to dominate Europe as a…

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