Biomedical Model And Its Effects On Its Policies And Practices

1484 Words Feb 7th, 2015 6 Pages
For over three decades, the biomedical model was used in healthcare to affects its policies and practices. This model is described best as a purely biological in its approach. According to the biomedical model, when the body is absent of disease, this is what we call a state of health. Consequently, you will find that the model focuses on pathology and does not place emphasis on on understanding the illness. The biomedical model ideal originate from Rudolf Virchochow, considered the “Father of Pathology”, concluded that all disease is a result of cellular abnormality or disturbance. In order to further understand pathology, this model adopted a factor analysis approach, which helps to reduce large sums of data to remove replica data. This method of analysis allows for representation of a smaller set of variables that is postulated to the affect of any given outcome.

Alternately, the biopsychosocial (BSP) model looks at varying influences and concentrates its efforts on understanding the illness and human health from varying aspects including biology. The BSP model called for attention to other factors that may be in effect, taking into consideration psychological, social and biological components. The BSP model developed from disputes regarding the reductionist ways of the biomedical model. Two prominent figures in the development of this model were George Engel and John Romano. Following the death of Engel’s brother, he began to examine correlations between loss and…

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