What are stem cells?
Stem cells are an undifferentiated cell that are from the same family. Stem cells take the place of cells that have died or are lost. Stem cells have the ability to renew and repair the body 's tissue, unlike mature cells that a permanently going to stay the same, stem cells are not only able to renew themselves, but can create into a completely new cell.
Embryonic Stem Cells
Embryonic stem cells are cells that are at the very early stage of being an embryo, also known as pluripotent cells
A stem cell is an immature cell that has the capability of becoming a …show more content…
These cells are grown in special laboratories with tests that are carried out to investigate the properties and purposes of the cells and how they can be used or if they are even useful.
There is a lot of debate over stem cell research and if it is really necessary and ethical issues. In recent years, stem cell research and its methods have mainly focused on Embryonic Stem cells, this is because taking research and studying the embryos is easier and more reliable than studying adult stem cells.
Pros of the use of stem cell research
Potentially being able to help treat a wide range of medical issues, leading to better treatment and possibly cures to many diseases with some including, Parkinson 's disease, spinal cord injuries, replace or repair damaged organs and heart disease
Better treatments of diseases could give significant social benefits for individual patients and economic gains for the society
Embryonic stem cells offers numerous medical possibilities. The cells are undifferentiated which allows them be used and turned into any cell in the …show more content…
Embryonic stem cells are grown from the cells in the embryo that is just a three to five days old, in other words, newly fertilized. At this stage an embryo is called a blastocyst and has about 150 cells. These are pluripotent cells, meaning that they can divide into more stem cells and can become a totally new and different cell in the body. This allows embryonic stem cells to be used to regenerate or repair damaged tissue and organs in the body.
Embryos being used in embryonic stem cell research, come from eggs that have been fertilized in vitro fertilization clinics but have never been implanted into a woman 's uterus. The cells are then donated and the cells live and grow in special solutions in test tubes or petri dishes
Why can’t scientists just use adult stem cells instead of embryonic stem cells?
Although adult stem cell research is very informative and promising, adult stem cells are not as versatile and as durable as embryonic stem cells