Benefits Of Genetically Modified Organisms Essay

1046 Words May 23rd, 2016 5 Pages
Introduction and Social Relevance
Our economy is ever-growing and evolving, this can be problematic for the agricultural crops that will have difficulty providing the world as the demand for food increases. Genetic modification is the use of biotechnology techniques to change the genes of an organism (AGRIC, 2015)
In Australia unless the Australian Gene Technology Regulator has concluded the Genetically Modified Organism, abbreviated as GMO is safe to human health as well as the environment it is not allowed to be handled. Other countries have similar regulators for GMO. 
Genetically engineering agricultural crops should be implemented as quickly as possible as it comes with various benefits for example it would result in lower prices and higher yields in crops. Implementing this technology will ensure the best outcome for our ecosystem and our economy.

Biological Background
A transgenic crop plant contains a gene or multiple genes which have been inserted artificially rather than the plant obtaining them through natural processes, like pollination. 
Gene therapy, by definition, is the introduction of normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones in order to correct genetic disorders. (Oxford)
A gene mutation is a permanent alteration in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene. (GHR) 
Mutations can range in their sizing and can affect anywhere from a single DNA building block to a large segment of a chromosome that include more than one gene. There are two…

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